AFP: Russia's 13 UN vetoes on Syria20 September 2019 | 00:55 | FOCUS News Agency
Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States are permanent Security Council members with veto powers. The other 10 members are elected for two-year terms on a rotating basis.
UN resolutions require nine positive votes and no veto to be adopted.
Here's a look at Russia's 13 vetoes on Syria:
- Condemning Syria -
On October 4, 2011, six months after the Syrian conflict began, Russia and China block a proposed UN resolution condemning grave human rights violations in Syria and threatening measures against President Bashar al-Assad's government.
On February 4, 2012 Russia and China again veto a draft resolution that condemns a Syrian government crackdown on the opposition, while the Security Council's other members vote in favour.
The veto sparks an international outcry.
- Sanctions threat -
On July 19, 2012, Beijing and Moscow again veto a Western-backed resolution that threatens Damascus with sanctions if it does not stop using heavy weapons.
- War crimes -
On May 22, 2014, Beijing and Moscow block a French-drafted proposal for the Security Council to refer Syrian crimes to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
- Aleppo truce -
On October 8, 2016, Russia alone vetoes a text proposed by France to halt the bombing of Aleppo. China abstains in that vote, the first time it does not veto a Syria draft resolution alongside Russia.
On December 5, 2016, a resolution that calls for a truce in Aleppo is vetoed by both China and Russia.
- Chemical weapons -
On February 28, 2017, Russia and China again veto a resolution, drafted by Britain, France and the United States that would have imposed sanctions on Syria over chemical weapons use in the conflict.
On April 12, 2017 Russia vetoes a draft resolution demanding that Assad's government cooperate with an investigation into the deadly suspected chemical attack in the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhun on April 4. China abstains.
On October 24 and November 16-17, 2017, Russia uses its veto three times in less than a month to block draft resolutions on renewing a UN-led probe of chemical weapons attacks in Syria.
On April 10, 2018, Russia vetoes a US-drafted resolution to investigate chemical weapons use in Syria aimed at identifying the perpetrators.
- Idlib -
On September 19, 2019, Russia and China veto a resolution drafted by Belgium, Germany and Kuwait, calling for a ceasefire in Syria's war-torn Idlib province.
The Assad regime has been conducting a bloody four-month-long campaign to wrest Idlib province from jihadist forces. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says the offensive has killed close to 1,000 civilians.
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