Dr. Miroslava Kadurina: Sun allergies are most common in the summer season19 June 2009 | 14:08 | FOCUS News Agency
Which are the most common allergies in the summer season and how to protect oneself from sun radiation? Dr. Miroslava Kadurina – Chief Executive Officer of the Clinic of Dermatology with the Military Medical Academy provides the answers to these and other questions in an interview for FOCUS News Agency.
FOCUS: Dr. Kadurina, which are the most common skin allergies in the summer season?
Dr. Miroslava Kadurina: The most common allergies in the summer are of course sun allergies – a sort of ailment that has been getting more common and that requires preliminary measures. Sun allergies are diagnosed through special photo testing that is conducted at some clinics and through exposure testing, when an individual suffers rashes after prolonged exposure to sun radiation or even upon short contact with the sun. People tend to refer to all sorts of rashes as sun allergy. There are various types of allergy like allergies to plants for example. Herbs alone may enhance sensitivity to the sun and thus plant photo allergy may occur. A lot of ailments get worse in the summer. Sunlight has a negative impact on certain diseases even without people suffering from allergies. Physicians always warn about photosensitive diseases requiring photo protection. A number of pharmaceuticals too may enhance photosensitivity like for example tetracycline preparations, antibiotics and other less common drugs. Tetracycline antibiotics may cause rashes when combined with exposure to the sun. This is not always the case but it is a possibility as well as forming of pigmentations. Therefore administration of antibiotics in the summer season should be avoided and sun protection gear should be used.
FOCUS: How should we protect ourselves from the sun?
Dr. Miroslava Kadurina: There are several ways to protect oneself from the sun. People should avoid direct exposure to the sun in the period 12.00 - 15.00 while on a vacation by the sea as this poses certain risk. It should be determined whether one would go for total photo protection, which is not obligatory when trying to just avoid sunburns. People suffering from photosensitivity must go for total protection. Otherwise not letting any solar radiation to touch oneself would be wrong; a certain amount of exposure is necessary for women in particular, as calcium is produced with the help of sunlight. The difference has to be made between people with problems, who need total protection and the people without problems, who still must protects themselves from sunburns.
FOCUS: Some people tend to treat themselves during their holidays by the sea, purchasing all sorts of anti-sun burn preparations or resort to popular medicine. What is best to do in case of serious sunburn?
Dr. Miroslava Kadurina: Some popular methods are quite helpful and appropriate especially at secluded beaches. A number of cosmetic products against sunburn too are available. Yet when blisters appear and sunburn is severe, one should look for medical help.
FOCUS: How dangerous is the sun for people with freckles and moles?
Dr. Miroslava Kadurina: People with freckles are not exposed to any extraordinary risk except for freckles growing in amount. Moles must be examined. As a general rule it is not advisable to expose moles to direct sunlight, especially some sorts of moles. It is best to consult a dermatologist to define the risk with any particular moles. Often people refer to harmless pigmented formations as moles. One should consult a doctor and if there are any dangerous moles, those should be removed. Other people should use sun protection gear but not sticking plaster. Some of my patients apply sticking plaster onto their moles and this is not good. Protective lotion should be applied and people with problems should avoid exposing themselves to the sun altogether.
FOCUS: It is being said that laser depilation is not advisable in the summer as skin is exposed to strong sunlight then, is that so?
Dr. Miroslava Kadurina: Laser depilation is dangerous in the summer. A great number of studios and cosmeticians venture to perform this kind of activity and end up causing horrible burns. In view of the incompetence of a number of people wielding laser depilation appliances we established a summer academy aiming to have doctors certified and to provide a reasonable safeguard for patients. Severe burns occur in the summer as patients with slight sun tan go to clueless doctors and the results is blisters, pigmentation, scars and not just on the legs but on the face too. Our clinic initiated the summer academy, which is going to be conducted on annual basis so that competent physicians are provided some protection and are separated from this brood of incompetent people that are causing huge trouble. The initiative was prompted by my weekly experiences with patients, who suffered some sort of laser depilation or administration of undefined dermal fillers.
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